Conducted by researchers at the FDA and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the 2020 National Youth Tobacco Survey (NYTS) indicated that e-cigarette use amongst teens dropped by a third.
The school-based survey was carried out between January 16th and March 16th, and it indicated that 19.6% of high school students (3.02 million) reported e-cigarette use, down from 27.5% (4.11 million) in 2019. The figure similarly dropped amongst middle school students,lj from 10.5% (1.24 million) in 2019, to 4.7% (550 000).
The FDA added that over 8 out of 10 teen vapers use flavours and almost 40% of high school users are using an e-cigarette on 20 or more days out of the month, while almost a quarter of them use e-cigarettes every day. All these factors, said the agency, are indicators of a high nicotine dependence among youth, and show the need for action.
President of the Campaign for Tobacco-Free Kids, Matthew Myers, said that this drop indicates that flavour bans work. “This study underscores that flavored e-cigarettes, especially JUUL, have caused the epidemic of youth e-cigarette use and nicotine addiction in the U.S. and shows why the [U.S. Food and Drug Administration] and other policymakers must act now to eliminate all flavored e-cigarettes,” he said.
US lawmakers are now growing increasingly concerned about disposable flavoured e-cigarettes, such as Puff Bar, and pre-filled menthol cartridge products, which were left on the market. “It’s alarming that over 7% of high school e-cigarette users wrote in Puff Bar as their usual brand, although it was not named in the survey,” said Myers.
Motivators for teen vaping uptake
A recent study from the University of Michigan, suggested that as was the case with cigarette smoking in the past, the main motivator behind teen vaping is the “cool” factor derived from using e-cigarettes, not the availability of flavours.
Additionally, a new study of high school seniors in the U.S., found that teens who are less satisfied with their lives and seek out risky and exciting experiences, are the ones more likely to use multiple substances regularly, including tobacco and vaping products. Additionally, found this study, the participants’ attitude towards vaping also reflected how they viewed other substances.
Other recent studies found that personality factors (high neuroticism) and curiosity, played a main role in enticing teenagers to initiate vaping. This reflects arguments by tobacco harm reduction experts, who have long been pointing out that the existence of flavours is not the main motivator for teens to take up vaping. Those who are likely to vape, would be smoking in the absence of the safer alternatives.
Another paper looking at how young vapers obtain the devices, found that most (57% of high school students and 59% of middle school students) got their e-cigarettes from a friend. Led by Teresa Wang, from the CDC’s Office on Smoking and Health, the research team said that flavoured e-cigarettes were preferred by both high school and middle school students at 85% and 74% respectively. Fruit-flavoured e-cigarettes were the most popular, followed by mint-flavoured e-cigarettes. Also, many students switched to disposable and refillable e-cigarettes, noted the researchers.
Read Further: Health Day